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Disclosing convictions

You may be required to disclose any charges or convictions when applying for certain jobs, licenses, visas or court proceedings.

Different disclosure requirements apply depending on what you are applying for.

1. When you do not have to disclose a past conviction?

    If a conviction of a person is spent

  • you don’t have to disclose information about the spent conviction to anyone; and
  • a question about your criminal history or a conviction is taken not to refer to any spent conviction, but will still refer to convictions that are not spent; and
  • a reference to your character (however expressed) does not allow or require anyone to take the spent conviction into account

2. What is a spent conviction?

In the ACT, a conviction becomes “spent” after 10 years (or 5 years if you were dealt with as a child when you were convicted) of being “crime free”, unless you were sentenced to longer than 6 months imprisonment or convicted of a sexual offence. The period begins to run from the date a sentence of imprisonment is completed, or, where no sentence of imprisonment is imposed, from the date of conviction. If a conviction is “spent” it generally means that you no longer have to disclose to anyone that you have been charged or convicted of that crime. In fact, in the ACT, you may be able to argue that you have been discriminated against if you have been dismissed, treated unfairly or had unfavourable conditions imposed upon you at work because of a spent conviction.

3. When do you still have to disclose a spent conviction?

You may also have to disclose spent convictions if you are applying for a firearms license, applying to be a security guard, to be a casino employee, to be engaged to work with children, or when applying for visas. Some court proceedings will also require you to disclose spent convictions. You should check what offences are required to be disclosed prior to making a statement as to your criminal history.

4. What offences do I have to disclose when applying for a job?

You may sometimes, for example, if you are applying for a job working with children, an adult with a mental or physical disability, an adult who suffers from social or financial hardship, or an adult who has difficulty communicating in English, you may have to apply for registration under the Working with Vulnerable People (Background Checking) Act 2011 (ACT). When applying for registration you must consent to the commissioner checking your criminal history, and you must state whether you have been convicted or found guilty of a relevant offence outside Australia.

If you are registered on the Working with Vulnerable People Register, you must tell the commissioner for fair trading within 10 days after being charged, convicted or found guilty with a relevant offence. It is an offence not to do so and you could be fined up to $8,000.

    A “relevant offence” is one that is:

  • a sexual offence;
  • an offence against the person;
  • an offence involving violence;
  • an offence involving dishonesty or fraud;
  • an offence relating to property;
  • an offence involving possession of, or trafficking in, a drug of
  • dependence or controlled drug;
  • an offence against an animal;
  • a driving offence.

5. Where can I seek help?

  • Call Street Law on 6218 7900 or drop in. We are a free legal service for people who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. If we cannot assist you we will refer you to another service for help.
  • Visit the www.humanrights.gov.au for more information.

Disclaimer

The material in this fact sheet is intended as a general guide only. Readers should not act on the basis of any material in this publication without first getting legal advice about their particular situations.
If you would like more information, please contact Street Law on (02) 6218 7900 or info@canberracommunitylaw.org.au. Street Law is a program of Canberra Community Law Ltd.
© Canberra Community Law Ltd. Not to be reproduced without permission or acknowledgement.
Last updated: 14 May 2021

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